An essay on human heart transplantation

If the results are positive, undertake appropriate referral for evaluation and therapy before proceeding with the evaluation for transplantation. These disturbances may be predicted from the pretransplant psychiatric evaluation and thus averted.

While research on transplantation issues continues, other techniques for the management and cure of heart disease are also under development. This inhibition suppresses cytokine-driven T-cell proliferation by inhibiting progression from the G1 phase to the S phase in the cell cycle.

Intravenous infusions may include inotropic support, fluid and volume replacement, anti-rejection therapy and analgesia. Immunosuppressants Immunosuppression is started soon after surgery. Numbers of patients have received Jarvik or other artificial hearts since, but surviving recipients have tended to suffer strokes and related problems.

The ethical issues surrounding donor organs These are a few ethical questions asked when looking for an organ donor: The donor heart is then sewn to these areas.

Cardiac Transplant Program

Since the vagus nerve is severed during the operation, the new heart beats at around beats per minute unless nerve regrowth occurs. ACE inhibitors and calcium channel blockers are common treatments.

This is a rare occurrence but may require reexploration in the early postoperative period. Laboratory Studies A hepatitis panel can serve as a screen, provided that no active antigenicity exists.

Another claimed advantage of this technique is a lower reported incidence of tricuspid regurgitation. Minimal to no oral prednisone should be given for the first 21 days after transplantation unless rejection occurs.

All anti-rejection therapy has side-effects that include: Now, I am a creative writer. Methylprednisolone Medrol, Solu-Medrol, A-Methapred Methylprednisolone is an immunosuppressant used to treat autoimmune disorders. The hospitals have to be prepared for such surgeries, and the hospitals have to have the permission granted to do the surgery in the first place.

Sandimmune is the liquid form. The donor is usually an unfortunate person who has suffered irreversible brain injurycalled "brain death". The patient is regularly monitored to detect rejection.

High pulmonary vascular resistance Age over 65 years some variation between centers Active systemic infection Active systemic disease such as collagen-vascular disease or sickle cell disease Active malignancy — Patients with malignancies who have demonstrated a 3- to 5-year disease-free interval may be considered, depending on the tumor type and the evaluating program An ongoing history of substance abuse eg, alcohol, drugs, or tobacco Psychosocial instability Inability to comply with medical follow-up care.

At times, the candidate may deteriorate to the point where transplantation is no longer an option. In the transplantation process, the sinoatrial nodes of the donor and recipient remain intact, and both are present within the recipient.

Psychiatric disturbances from steroid therapy can occur in the immediate posttransplant period. During the early posttransplant course, bacterial infections are of primary concern.

Heart Transplant Essay Sample

Psychiatric comorbidity in patients undergoing organ transplantation is an important issue and results in significant morbidity and mortality presenting a unique opportunity for psychiatric involvement in the care of medically ill patients. Patients are often oedematous, and this is caused by a combination of fluid overload and having low albumin levels preoperatively.

The patient cannot be overweight 9. Some future directions include: InDickinson Richards, MD, chairman of the Columbia University Medical Division, and Andre Cournaud were awarded the same Nobel Prize for their work leading to fuller understanding of the physiology of the human heart using cardiac catheterization.

At the same time, the heart is removed from the donor and inspected by a team of surgeons to see if it is in suitable condition. Patients who are carriers of the disease or who have active disease are not considered candidates for heart transplantation.

Definition A heart transplant, or a cardiac transplantation, is a surgical transplant procedure performed on patients with end-stage heart failure or severe coronary artery disease Indications The general indications for cardiac transplantation include deteriorating cardiac function and a prognosis of less than 1 year to live.

In addition, reduction of pulmonary vascular resistance is beneficial for right ventricular function. Kidney, lung, or liver disease Insulin-dependent diabetes with other organ dysfunction Life-threatening diseases unrelated to heart failure Vascular disease of the neck and leg arteries.

However, one has to understand that the demand far exceeds the supply of the organs. In the event of clinical deterioration, the transplant center may deem it appropriate to admit the patient so that he or she can be evaluated for implantation of an artificial cardiac assist device, an upgrade on the waiting list, or both.

Human Organ Traffic Essay. to transplant a part of body for survival, the law prohibiting the widespread of trading human organs in numerous nations is being a controversial issue. Heart Transplant Essay Sample. Cardiac transplantation, also called heart transplantation, has evolved into the treatment of choice for many people with severe heart failure (HF) who have severe symptoms despite maximum medical therapy.

Feb 01,  · Surgical transplantation of human organs from deceased as well as living donors to sick and dying patients began after the Second World War. Over the past 50 years the transplantation of human organs, tissues and cells has become a worldwide practice.

Heart Transplant Essay

Heart Transplants - A Scholarly Essay Since the early s, when the first organ transplants were made using donated kidneys, medical science has continued to practice and perfect the process of removing and transplanting a variety of human organs.

Organ transplantation basically is the patient of removing a useable organ from a person who had just died, usually in an accident and give it to a severely will person who needs it to replace a damage organ.

Definition Heart transplantation, also called cardiac transplantation, is the replacement of a patient’s diseased or injured heart with a healthy donor heart.

Purpose Heart transplantation is performed on patients with end-stage heart failure or some other life-threatening heart disease.

An essay on human heart transplantation
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Heart Transplant | Essay Example